The Millennium Development Goals
Goal 8: Market Access Indicators by ITC, UNCTAD and WTO

A Global Partnership for Development: market access indicators

In September 2000 World Leaders set out a vision to improve the conditions of the world's poorest people. This vision is known as the Millennium Declaration and commits the international community to achieving 8 Millennium Development Goals covering poverty and hunger, education, gender, equality, child mortality , health, environment and development. In order to measure progress towards achieving these goals a framework of 18 targets and 48 indicators was developed by a group of international organisations.

Goal 8 - Develop a global partnership for development , covers a number of issues, of which international trade is one. Target 8.A calls for the development of an open, rule-based, predictable, and non-discriminatory trading and financial system. Target 8.B addresses the special needs of the least-developed countries, specifically including tariff and quota-free access for least-developed countries' exports.

ITC, UNCTAD and WTO partnership on the measurement of market access indicators

Market access indicators 8.6 and 8.7 have been defined to reflect targets 8.A and 8.B of Goal 8. Data for these indicators has been compiled as part of a joint effort between the ITC, UNCTAD and WTO and posted on this website to make it more widely available and enhance the transparency of the monitoring process.

  • Indicator 8.6: Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and from LDCs, admitted free of duty

  • Indicator 8.7: Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries

The dynamic charts presented here allow to visualize progresses on indicators 8.6 and 8.7 for developing and least-developed countries, and to compare these progress with those for other selected countries or country groups.

More information on Market access indicators 8.6 and 8.7 is provided below:

More information on market access and the Millennium Development Goals

Market access tools

  • ITC's web application Market Access Map: (
    Making tariffs and market access barriers transparent

  • UNCTAD market access database TRAINS: (
    TRade Analysis and INformation System

  • WTO's Integrated Database IDB and Consolidated Tariff Schedule CTS: (
    The IDB-CTS Internet Analysis Facility

Millennium Development Goals 

More information on MDG 8 

  • Participation of Developing Economies in the Global Trading System (English / Français / Espagnol)

  • Market Access for Products and Services of Export Interest to Least-Developed Countries (English / Français / Espagnol)

  • Global Partnership for Development
    Where do we stand and where to go?

  • Trade and Development Report, 2008 (English)

  • LDC Poverty Alleviation and the Doha Development
    Agenda: Is Tourism being Neglected?

  • Additional Taxes and the Indirect Evidence on Trade Protection (English)


Developing a Global Partnership for Development


Select a comparison country / territory or group


Indicator 8.6:
Proportion of total developed country imports (by value) from
developing and least developed countries, admitted free of duty
(excluding arms and oil)


Indicator 8.7:
Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural
products and textiles and clothing from developing and least developed countries